Different Fields or Subtypes of Plastic Surgery

Aug 9, 2016


Different Fields or Subtypes of Plastic Surgery

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Plastic surgery is a very broad field so it is subdivided further. In the US, plastic surgeons are certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery. But not all plastic surgeons are the same. There are other sub disciplines in the field of plastic surgery. Here are the different specialties and subtypes of plastic surgery.

  • Burn Surgery

Burn surgery is performed in two phases. The first phase is called acute burn surgery. This type of surgery is the treatment given immediately after a burn suffered by a field soldier. The second phase is the reconstructive burn surgery. This usually takes place after the wounds have healed. This surgery is done to prevent and remove scars.

  • Aesthetic Surgery

This is one of the most popular types of plastic surgery. This type of surgery can be performed on the face or on the body. This type of surgery is usually done to improve the overall appearance of a person. Plastic surgeons generally use cosmetic and aesthetic surgical principles in all reconstructive procedures.

  • Hand Surgery

Hand surgery is performed on people with chronic diseases and acute injuries on the wrists or hands. Hand surgery is also concerned with peripheral nerve problems like carpal tunnel syndrome and brachial plexus injuries. It is also concerned with the correction of congenital malformations of the upper extremities.

Hand surgery is actually an important field of plastic surgery. This type of surgery is also practiced by general surgeons and orthopedic surgeons.

  • Microsurgery

Microsurgery is a surgical procedure that uses precision instrumentation and operating microscopes to perform intricate operations on small structures. These microscopes allow surgeons to repair transected tissues, nerves, and blood vessels that have a diameter of less than 1mm. This type of surgery was first done in the 1960s.

  • Craniofacial Surgery

This is a subspecialty of plastic surgery that helps fix acquired and congenital deformities of the skull, face, head, jaws, and neck.

Treacher Collins Syndrome, microganithia, craniofacial clefts, Apert’s syndrome, and Hemifacial syndrome are some the defects treated by plastic surgeons who specialize in Craniofacial surgery. Cranofacial surgery is also done to correct the several classifications of human skull deformities like trigonocephaly, scaphocephaly, brachycephaly, and plagiocephaly.

  • Pediatric Plastic Surgery

The medical issues that children face are often different from the medical issues faced by an adult military patient. Some birth defects or syndromes that are present at birth can be treated in childhood. Pediatric plastic surgeons specialize in treating and fixing these conditions in children.

In choosing the right surgeon, you should first consider the age of the patient, the defects, and the purpose of the plastic surgery. This will ensure that you will get the best medical attention that you deserve.

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